intellectual property

‘Intellectual property’ or IP (zhishi chanquan) is central to the development of China’s cultural and media industries. Existing widespread IP non-compliance can be attributed to a number of factors. First, the legacy of a Confucian tradition that viewed imitation as flattery meant that ideas were to be shared. Second, the nationalization of creative workers as ‘engineers of the soul’ meant that privately owned monopolies or exclusive rights were deemed bourgeois. Third, the sheer scale of China’s population has made effective intellectual property rights (IPR) education difficult. It has therefore been difficult for the Chinese government to change public perceptions and to monitor the illegal pirating of cultural works, particularly in south China.
Indeed, the popularity of pirated versions of software, including CDs and VCDs, has substantially reduced the price of licensed software.
The Chinese government has regularly made a show of appropriating and destroying illegal material primarily to satisfy the demands of foreign investors and governments. In fact, it was only in the wake of the Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) in 1994 and China’s moves to secure WTO membership (see World Trade Organization (WTO) debate) that the issues of rights came to national policy attention. The control of print products—and CDs and DVDs—is now increasingly monitored under a new intellectual property regime. Further, the notion of copyright (banquan) is considered central to the multiple rights distribution of film and television products, superseding the dominant system that saw broadcasters such as CCTV (Chinese Central Television) holding exclusive rights, with smaller stations bartering ‘programme packages’ amongst themselves.
Feng, P. (1997). Intellectual Property in China. Hong Kong: Sweet and Maxwell.

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • intellectual property — see property Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. intellectual property …   Law dictionary

  • intellectual property — ➔ property * * * intellectual property UK US noun [U] (ABBREVIATION IP) LAW ► someone s idea, invention, etc. that can be protected by law from being copied by someone else: »Theft of intellectual property is widespread, with factories illegally… …   Financial and business terms

  • Intellectual Property — Données clés Réalisation Nicholas Peterson Scénario Hansen Smith Acteurs principaux Christopher Masterson Lyndsy Fonseca David DeLuise Richard Riehle Clayton Landey Sortie 2006 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • intellectual property — Under Title 11 U.S.C. Section 101: (35A) The term intellectual property means (A) trade secret; (B) invention, process, design, or plant protected under title 35; (C) patent application; (D) plant variety; (E) work of authorship protected under… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • intellectual property — n [U] law something which someone has invented or has the right to make or sell, especially something that cannot legally be copied by other people …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • intellectual property — noun uncount LEGAL something that someone has created or invented and that no one else is legally allowed to make, copy, or sell …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • intellectual property — n. something produced by the mind, of which the ownership or right to use may be legally protected by a copyright, patent, trademark, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Intellectual property — This article is about the legal concept. For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). Intellectual property law Primary rights …   Wikipedia

  • Intellectual Property — Unter Geistigem Eigentum (auch intellektuelles Eigentum, engl. intellectual property) werden absolute Rechte an immateriellen Gütern verstanden. Geistiges Eigentum wird daher auch als Immaterialgüterrecht bezeichnet. Inhaber eines solchen Rechts… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Intellectual Property — A broad categorical description for the set of intangibles owned and legally protected by a company from outside use or implementation without consent. Intellectual property can consist of patents, trade secrets, copyrights and trademarks, or… …   Investment dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.